Quantifying Well-Being Values of Environmental Flows for Equitable Decision-Making: A case study of the Hamoun wetlands in Iran, K.S. Meijer and Haji Amiri S. 2007, International Journal of River Basin Management. Construction of dams and reservoirs affects various groups of people. People who are often the losers from construction and operation of dams are the users of downstream ecosystems. To consider the needs of these people in water resources decision‐making, the relationships among water, ecosystem and human well‐being need to be assessed. This should lead to quantified criteria scores to support the decision‐maker. Current environmental flow assessment methods focus on the relationship between water and ecosystems, but leave a gap where quantifiable criteria on human well‐being are concerned. This paper discusses an approach for quantifying the effect of changed flow regimes on human well‐being in an Integrated Water Resources Management study in Iran. The study shows the different effects on different groups of people, and in this way contributes to the consideration of social equity in decision‐making in Integrated Water Resources Management. Read more.
Relevant features: integrated water resources management, field-researched case study
From Flood Control to Integrated Water Resource Management: Lessons for the Gulf Coast From Flooding in Other Places in the Last Sixty Years,James P. Kahan, Mengjie Wu, Sara Haji Amiri, Debra S. Knopman, 2006,Santa Monica, CA, RAND Corporation. The loss of life and devastation in the Gulf coast region of the United States following the hurricane season of 2005 has led to considerable debate about what should be done and not done in recovering from the damage and mitigating the consequences of future floods. This document reports the experiences of four major floods since 1948 (two in the United States, one in the Netherlands, and one in China), to draw lessons for the Gulf coast restoration effort. The authors conclude that (1) attending to history leads to mitigating the potential damage of floods even when major floods are few and far between; (2) the critical concept of integrated water resource management policy — particularly its implication that flood damage control includes conceding land to the water from time to time — is necessary but may be difficult to accept; (3) delineating roles and responsibilities clearly in advance produces better outcomes; and (4) out of disaster can come improvements to the social and physical infrastructure that go beyond flood protection. Read more.